Rocky Mountains, Colorado Plateau, Great Plains - Colorado is characterized by mountains, because Colorado is one of the highest states in the United States. The name Colorado means "reddish". No wonder: the many reddish mountains significantly shape the appearance of the state. In 1876, Colorado was admitted as the 38th state on the centennial of the United States. Hence the nickname "Centennial State".
Experience nature in Colorado in the majestic mountains of the Rocky Mountains, in the high desert of the Colorado Plateau and go on a journey through time when visiting the rock caves in Mesa Verde National Park or old mining towns. Less
Colorado is the destination for adventurers! The state offers an abundance of outdoor adventures: Hiking, climbing, mountain biking and even skiing are all on the agenda here. The majestic Rocky Mountains, the Colorado Plateau and the ski resort of Vail, among many other places, offer plenty of opportunities to get active. On road trips, the breathtaking nature can also be marveled at in a relaxed way from the highways. Old gold mines, abandoned mining towns and archaeological sites take visitors back in time and bring Colorado's history to life. With the advice of our experienced travel experts, you'll experience this diverse mountain state with first-hand insider tips. You're guaranteed not to miss a thing!
Located east of the Rocky Mountains, Denver has been the state capital of Colorado since 1876. Called the "Mile-High City" because of its altitude, it is predestined for mining. But mountain bikers and skiers also use the Rockies surrounding Denver for recreational enjoyment. The lively center of Denver is Lower Downtown, or LoDo for short. Here you will find skyscrapers and Victorian buildings with shops, pubs, cafes, restaurants and clubs. Denver also has numerous museums and galleries, as well as a colorful theater scene, such as the Ellie Caulkins Opera House.
Denver is the gateway to the Rocky Mountains. Only 70 miles from Denver, the Rocky Mountain National Park begins. This can be crossed via the Trail Ridge Road. The park is famous for its panoramic views of the mighty Rocky Mountain range. With a total size of 1,075 square kilometers, the Rocky Mountain National Park includes more than 110 peaks with an altitude of more than 9,000 feet.. The highest mountain in the park is "Longs Peak" at 14,000 feet.
Mesa Verde National Park offers 4,000 archaeological sites, the most significant being the well-preserved 600 rock dwellings dating back to 550 AD of the pre-Columbian Anasazi tribes. The Pueblo people lived here for more than 700 years. Why they disappeared in the 14th century is a mystery. Mesa Verde National Park , declared a World Heritage Site in 1978, is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.
Developed in 1871, the Phoenix Gold Mine in the Rocky Mountains is located near Idaho Springs in Clear Creek County in northern Colorado. Idaho Springs was one of the first areas, perhaps even the first, where the gold rush originated. A visit to the mine takes you back to that time. You will learn many interesting facts about gold prospecting and can try your hand at panning for gold in the nearby creek.
The Dinosaur Ridge Trail is located about 25 mikes west of downtown Denver. On the trail you will find a remarkable collection of real dinosaur tracks. These were discovered in the late 19th century along with numerous prehistoric bones. The nature trail is best discovered on foot, then you can see and feel around 300 footprints. Less
Colorado can be visited all year round, depending on the planned activities. Due to the high altitude but very southern location, it is hot during the day in summer, but still cold at night. For many, the months of September and October are considered the ideal time to travel, as the temperatures are then pleasant.
Colorado is a place with extreme weather differences. It can get extremely hot during the day, very cold at night, and snow a lot in the winter. Depending on the venture and time of travel, you should equip yourself with the appropriate clothing. Outdoor clothing, hiking boots and an onion suit are the right choice for Colorado!